Bone and Joint Medication for Dogs

Old age or even surgery should not keep a good dog down. Without walkers or wheelchairs at their disposal, dogs still need to be able to get up and around despite the pain of chronic diseases or surgery. Often, dietary supplements and bone and joint medications are their best hope.


One in five dogs in the United States is afflicted with osteoarthritis, making it one of the most common chronic diseases for dogs. This condition damages the dog’s cartilage or other joints.

Sometimes even an attentive owner can miss the signs of arthritis, so ask yourself: Is your dog slowing down? Stiff and slow to rise? Gaining weight or sleeping more? These are all signs that could point to arthritis. A physical exam and an X-ray can help diagnose the problem.

Treatments often involve Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) to control the pain and inflammation of osteoarthritis. NSAIDs are also given after surgery to help the dog get up and around sooner. An active dog will be healthier and live longer.

Deramaxx Chewable Tablets, an NSAID from the coxib class, help control the pain of both osteoarthritis and bone surgery. These beef-flavored tablets are chewable and available in three strengths.

Another NSAID, Etogesic, also reduces the pain and soreness from osteoarthritis in dogs. Etogesic is not suitable for dogs under 11 pounds. It is generally well-tolerated and is also available in three strengths.

Meloxicam is an oral NSAID that will help control the pain and improve the dog’s ability to get around. This oral syrup should be given with food. The medication is available in five dropper bottle sizes. The syrup should be placed directly onto the food of dogs smaller than 10 pounds. It can be administered directly into the mouth of larger dogs.

Firocoxib, an oral NSAID for dogs, is designed to improve a dog’s mobility. The chewable medication can be given with or without food. Firocoxib is available in two strengths.

Rimadyl (carprofen) is another NSAID to treat dogs’ arthritis pain and inflammation. It is also indicated to help control postoperative pain. It is available in three strengths as a chewable tablet or caplet, and can be taken with or without food. Tests show most dogs find the medication palatable.

Zubrin (tepoxalin) is another NSAID to control pain and inflammation due to osteoarthritis. Place this fast-dissolving tablet in the dog’s mouth, holding the mouth closed for four or five seconds to ensure the tablet disperses. It should be given with food or within one or two hours of eating. It is available in three strengths.


In addition to medications, there are many supplements that can improve the quality of life of your dog.

Adequan Canine is an intramuscular injection that helps control non-infectious degenerative or traumatic arthritis in dogs. It is a semi-synthetic glycosaminoglycan made from bovine cartilage.

Arthogen for dogs contains glucosamine and chondroitin, which help rebuild damaged joint cartilage. It also has anti-inflammatory properties that will gradually improve your dog’s health. Arthogen can be …

health, medicine

Best Medical Schools in World

Going to medical school is not an easy job. On your behalf, it requires a serious commitment and an involvement on all levels of the person, intellectual,financial and emotional. What is cost of medical education, the cost of obtaining a medical degree can be $300,000 at the most including living expenses. In fact, the average medical graduate accumulates as much as $100,000 in debt.

Medical school ranking is very important aspect for medical and health related students. In World, there are lot of medical schools which are known for world-class facilities, top-notch faculty and numerous research publications. However, there is no medical school, famous or not, who has a monopoly on providing an unbeatable medical education. Basically medical school ranking is separated into two lists.
1- best medical schools in terms of research
2-best medical school in terms of primary care

In Research category we have schools which show capacity to invest in and produce medical knowledge while primary care refers to the training of medical students regarding precisely that treating and caring of patient and primary care.

Before actually sharing the list of medical schools here it is important to mention that it is possible that some excellent medical schools may be missing in this list. You should keep in mind that it’s a matter of ranking and what characteristics are used to make it. It does not mean that if a school is ranked low in this medical schools list, the doctors coming from these schools are not good and qualified.

Here are the lists of best medical schools in World and United States, for research and primary care separately.

Best 10 medical schools (primary care)

1. University of Washington
2. Oregon Health & Science University
3. University of California San Francisco
4. Mich. State U. Coll. of Osteopathic Medicine
5. University of Minnesota Duluth
6. University of California San Diego
7. University of New Mexico
8. University of Wisconsin Madison
9. University of Iowa (Roy J. & Lucille A. Carver)
10.University of Minnesota Twin Cities

Best 10 medical schools (research)

1. Harvard University
2. Johns Hopkins University
3. Washington University in St. Louis
4. Duke University
5. University of Pennsylvania
6. University of California San Francisco
7. Columbia U. College of Physicians and Surgeons
8. Stanford University
9 University of Michigan Ann Arbor
10. Yale University

The most prestigious medical school in the United States is probably the Harvard Medical School.It was founded in the eighteenth century. This school has produced Nobel Prize winners, spearheaded the development of the most modern technologies and pioneered breakthroughs in almost every aspect of medicine health and science. It is said that their acceptance rate is very low (round about 5%) and students need an average MCAT score of 11.7.

The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine is another excellent research medical school. It was founded in 1893, it also boasts of the same honors and qualifications like Harvard medical school. Another top medical schools are Duke Medical School and Stanford …


The Three Most Visited Cities in America

America is undoubtedly one of the prime countries in the world. It has fifty five states that tourists can visit. But the top three most visited cities have rightly earned their ranks.

The whole of America is widely occupied with many tourists all throughout the year. Yet there are notable three cities garnering the highest rates of visitors. And these cities have all the good reasons to be in the top three positions. They are Las Vegas in Nevada, Los Angeles in California, and Orlando in Florida.

Las Vegas, Nevada

Have a taste of the city’s legendary neon nights, fantastic color of sunsets and sunrises in the Sierra Nevada Mountains, the beautiful Alan Bible Botanical Garden, the historical Hoover Dam and the natural beauty of the Red Rock Canyon National Conservation Area. Of course, the most famous is the Strip in Las Vegas.

You can reserve a room in one of the cheapest hotels here called Palace Station Hotel and Casino. This way, you can save some extra penny for your casino deals. The rooms are sprawled in their 21-storey tower. Each air conditioned room is equipped with cable or satellite TV, a hair dryer, desk, iron with board, pay movies, climate control, Internet and blackout drapes They also have a refrigerator (upon request) and an alarm clock.

The hotel also offers pools, tubs, a sundeck, fitness room, bars, and casinos. There are recreational areas available for rental near the hotel as well. Outdoor activities include golf, tennis, horse riding, biking, hiking, and helicopter sightseeing.

Los Angeles, California

Feel like a star and visit the movie capital of the world, Los Angeles, California. The city offers not only the famous “Hollywood” escapade but also a number of fun and recreational places. These include scenic drives, skate parks, dog parks and salons as well as urban adventures and extreme sports areas. They also have beaches, “picture perfect” views, great hiking trails and they offer outdoor sports activities like ocean kayaking, golfing, sailing, horseback riding and many more.

The city offers a number of arts and culture venues as well as a lot of museums showcasing Science, Maritime, History, Hollywood stars and even fossil excavations. Aside from this, Los Angeles is also known for its night life activities ranging from parties, comedy shows, music, and dinner cruises.

Stay overnight in one of the cheapest hotels in the city, the Clarion Hotel. Although a night stay in this hotel is quite low, starting from $66, the hotel has a 3 star rating. This means that you still get a good deal, comfort and cost combined.

This hotel is located in West Olympic Blvd. It features an outdoor pool, sundeck, business center, pool, handicap facilities and a banquet hall. Each guest room has an air conditioning unit, a refrigerator, coffee maker and hair dryer along with iron with boards, spacious work places and a personal electronic safe (additional fees apply) .

The hotel is located near downtown L.A. It is very near the city’s …


Understanding How Collagen Functions And How It Benefits You

Who would want wrinkles on their faces, dry and sagging skin, and joint aches? I don’t, do you? If only you could run after time, it’s as plain as the nose on my face that you would race against it just to have that feeling of youthfulness and strength you once had. But, it’s never too late. These signs of aging can be prevented by slowing down their development. It’s so easy! Take that ridiculous thought of racing against time off of your mind. Just the thought of it makes me feel more aged! All you need to do is understand why these things occur. Its collagen or the lack of it that is responsible for the deterioration of your skin.

Collagen functions as scaffolding for our body. It is the fibrous protein constituent of skin, cartilage, bones and other connective tissue. An appropriate and enough collagen supply in our body are extremely required, however it is no easy to maintain and achieve. Unfortunately, it is established that our body loses collagen at a rate of 1.5% per annum, starting at the age of 25. Collagen functions as a chondroprotective agent, which means that it protects cartilage and synovial fluid against degeneration.

The depletion of collagen in our skin leads to the formation of wrinkles and the occurrence of other signs of aging. If this happens, collagen function simply defeats its purpose. Another collagen function is that it can reduce oxidative damage to joints, hence, stimulate major decrease in joint pain, and swelling.

After we have understood the importance of collagen functions, we now realize how important enough supply of collagen in our body is. This is when collagen supplements step in. There are a wide variety of collagen supplements which are available at present. These collagen supplements replenish the diminishing supply of collagen in our body to perform its function. Regular intake of collagen supplement makes your skin nourished, and reduces joint pain. These supplements are made from natural ingredients such the ones found in different food, therefore, it is safe.

For the collagen functions to be maximized, maintain the collagen supply in your body by taking collagen supplement. The benefits these supplements give you include revitalizing your skin and keeping it healthy, reducing the occurrence of fine lines and wrinkles, strengthen your nails and improve the condition of your hair. If supplement is taken before exercise or any physical activities, collagen functions at its best, increasing both energy and performance. They can also maintain and replenish lean muscle mass to improve the administration of your body’s fat, therefore, take part in managing weight.

It is very important to know and understand the collagen functions in order for us to prevent the early signs of aging by slowing them down through regular intake of collagen supplement. If you want to live your life to the fullest, feeling and looking young, take care of your health and replenish your body’s reducing supply of collagen.…


Autism Medication – Truth About 5 Types Of Autism Drugs

When starting a treatment plan for an autistic person, doctors will usually look at different medicines that can help out. Because an autistic person can display different symptoms, the medication plan is going to be different for every person. There is no medicine that is going to cure autism, but medication is used to lessen the symptoms to help people live full, functional lives.

Parents may not want to start their children on medication right away when there is diagnosis of autism. This is understandable because some people don’t want to have their children go through a lifestyle of taking pills daily. There are other options to consider. Alternative treatments have been in the works that includes changing a child’s diet or offering them natural treatments. Another aspect that is extremely important is the child’s education. Teachers and educators have to be willing to teach lessons based on your autistic child’s need. This may mean revising lesson plans or integrating certain aspects into the lessons.

Unfortunately, there is no single treatment that is going to help people with autism. Usually, treatment plans involve multiple facets including self-education, diet plans, positive reinforcement and medication.

Here is a look at the types of medication a person with autism might have to take:

1. Antipsychotic: These types of medications are used for behavioral problems. This can include a variety of problems such as aggression, tantrums or insomnia. This medication should not be the first option for the child. Behavioral therapy should be sought out and tried before resorting to these types of pills.

2. Anticonvulsant: This is to help control seizures if an autistic person suffers from them.

3. Anti-anxiety and Depression: Autistic children have a hard time controlling their feelings. Sometimes they laugh and cry without being prompted. These medications are used to control those feelings and random outbursts. However, these medications have some serious side effects. If your child does take these, watch for odd behavioral changes, ones that weren’t present before the medication began.

4. Sedative: If your autistic child suffers from insomnia or other sleeping disorders, a doctor may prescribed a sedative to help the child sleep better. There are natural alternatives that you may want to seek out before trying sedatives.

5. Stimulant: Some children who suffer from autism are hyperactive and these medications are used to help children focus better. This is often used when a child becomes school-aged to help them to pay attention and help with their education. This medication is useful for those children who can’t seem to stay focused on any certain areas.

Medicine should be a last resort for parents when treating their children. You don’t want the children to become dependent on the medication. Another problem with medicines is that it may control the issue, but have side effects that cause new problems. You also want to discuss long-term side effects with the doctor.

If you notice the medication is not helping, talk to the doctor. Your doctor may prescribed an …

health, medicine

Holistic Medicine For Treatment Of Arthritis

Holistic medicine for treatment of arthritis is becoming more and more popular.

Arthritis is a disease which causes inflammation of the joints. If left untreated joint damage, joint limitations and deformities can occur.

Holistic medicine for treatment of arthritis offers arthritis suffers lasting relief from pain and inflammation. The holistic medicine approach states that arthritis is a disease that results from multiple causes. Contributing to all forms of arthritis is a number of underlying imbalances with physical, mental and environmental factors.

Holistic medicine believes that the cause of arthritis develops from a combination of several causes. It is important to understand the factors that went into creating arthritis in each person to properly treat the disease.

Holistic medicine employs a battery of diagnostic tools such as physical examination, dietary assessment, emotional evaluation, and test for immune/digestive function to help build an individual picture of the patient’s condition. Holistic medicine physicians take the time to find the root cause of arthritis and the patient is actively involved with their treatment.

Holistic medicine for the treatment of arthritis draws upon a wide range of therapies to help treat and possibly prevent arthritis.

The primary factors to this treatment is through Chinese herbal medicine, proper diet and nutrition, stress reduction, detoxification and the repair of nerves and muscles with the use of acupuncture, chiropractic care, massage and exercise.

The belief of the Chinese medicine is that disease occurs when obstructions impede the flow of energy to the organs. Chinese herbs are used to restore energy and function to the system so that balance and health can be achieved. With holistic medicine it is also believed that diet and nutrition has a significant impact on pain and inflammation.

A vegetarian diet is believed to greatly reduce arthritis symptoms. Herbs, minerals, vitamins and other natural supplements can provide effective relief without the side effects of conventional drugs. Mind and body techniques such as meditation can also help to reduce stress. The removal of toxins in the body has also shown to be remarkably therapeutic for arthritis patients.

Holistic medicine for treatment of arthritis helps to restore health to the whole patient, rather than simply providing superficial symptom relief. With holistic medicine the tests to detect any imbalance will focus on a physical and emotional evaluation, dietary assessment, immune response, and digestive and detoxification function.…

health, medicine

Virtual Reality in Medicine – many evolving uses and advantages

Virtual reality techniques, involving three-dimensional imaging and surround sound, are increasingly being used in diagnosis, treatment, and medical education. Initial applications of virtual reality in medicine involved visualization of the complex data sets generated by computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans. A recent application of these techniques for diagnostic purposes has been the “virtual colonoscopy,” in which data from a contrast-enhanced abdominal CT scan is used to make a “fly-through” of the colon. Radiologists then use this fly-through for colon cancer screening. Recent improvements in methodology have brought the sensitivity and specificity of this technique closer to the levels of optical colonoscopy, and patients prefer the technique to the traditional method.

Virtual reality has also been used extensively to treat phobias (such as a fear of heights, flying and spiders) and post-traumatic stress disorder. This type of therapy has been shown to be effective in the academic setting, and several commercial entities now offer it to patients. In one of my projects using the multi-user virtual reality environment offered by Second Life, one of several easily available online virtual reality environments, we have used a virtual psychosis environment to teach medical students about the auditory and visual hallucinations suffered by patients with schizophrenia.

Virtual reality has been used to provide medical education about healthcare responses to emergencies such as earthquakes, plane crashes and fires. While the primary advantage in phobia treatment is a “safe environment” which patients can explore, the primary advantage in emergency preparedness is simulation of events that are either too rare or too dangerous for effective real-world training. The immersive nature of the virtual reality experience helps to recreate the sense of urgency or panic associated with these events.

Virtual reality programs have also been used for a variety of medical emergency, mass casualty, and disaster response training sessions for medical and public health professionals. One study developed a protocol for training physicians to treat victims of chemical-origin mass casualties as well as victims of biological agents using simulated patients. Although it was found that using standardized patients for such training was more realistic, the computer-based simulations afforded a number of advantages over the live training. These included increased cost effectiveness, the opportunity to conduct the same training sessions over and over to improve skills, and the ability to use “just-in-time” learning techniques and experience the training session at any time and location, while adjusting the type and level of expertise required to use the training for various emergency response professionals. Others have explored the potential for training emergency responders for major health emergencies using virtual reality. Their objective was to increase exposure to life-like emergency situations to improve decision-making and performance and reduce psychological distress in a real health emergency.

Experience with recent natural disasters and terrorist acts has shown that good communication and coordination between responders is vital to an effective response. In my work using Second Life to develop a virtual mass disaster emergency clinic to hand out antibiotics to the …


Exercise And Fitness; Where Do I Start?

Exercise and fitness can be very intimidating as choices range from Pilates classes and cardio machines to personal trainers – that it’s hard to know what to sign up for. Here are some suggestions.

The first time you walk into a fitness gym it can be very intimidating. So many decisions to make, and the choices are many. There is a full slate of fitness classes to choose from, and there is a well stocked gym with trainers at your disposal. It’s hard to know what to do to meet your needs.

Let’s look at what most gyms offer and what is best for you. Most gyms offer group exercise classes under a variety of categories. There’s fitness in a boot camp style, dance classes like aerobics, there’s mind/body (yoga, Pilates) and muscular conditioning where weights are used with the exercises.

Usually the classes are 30 to 90 minutes long and offered two or three times a week and included in the price of your membership.

Intensity varies depending on the instructor who demonstrates the exercises giving cues on proper execution. Exercisers follow along and monitor their own intensity.

The plus about this is that a group setting can be a motivating factor as can the instructor. This is also good for beginners who might not know the difference between certain exercises and how to perform them properly.

There’s usually a wide variety of classes to choose from, so the experienced exerciser can always find a new and fresh workout.

The negative is that these group sessions are made up of mostly women and so men might be a bit intimidated or feel out of place. These classes are designed for many and so individual needs might not be met.

A new format is small groups of three to six people working out. This is similar to the large group in that there is an instructor, but here the instructor will also spend some one-on-one time coaching during the actual session.

Classes are usually 60 to 90 minutes long, two or three times a week and offer specialized exercise equipment like barbells and even treadmills. You might have to pay an extra fee to take this type of class.

The positive about this group can be motivation from being pushed by those around you without getting lost in the crowd. There is more interaction with the instructor and so more control and probably better results as far as reaching your goals.

The negatives are that it costs extra and there are fewer options as far as the type of class you take. Because the group is small you need to get along with the others in the group.

There is personal training which means one-on-one training with a personal trainer who sets up and individual routine for you based on your fitness level and goals. Working with a trainer lets you use more equipment and sessions are usually 60 minutes long.

The positives of this type of training are that …

fitness, health

Health And Fitness For Kids – Ten Steps For A Healthier Life

Today more than ever it is harder to maintain a healthy lifestyle with sedentary pastimes such as watching television, playing video games and surfing the Internet competing for our kid’s time and replacing more physical activities.

Combined with the easy availability and low cost of unhealthy processed foods or ‘junk food’, then this can have an impact on children’s health, not only throughout their childhood but leading into adulthood causing serious health problems at a later date.

It is therefore important to make a concerted effort to ensure children lead a healthy lifestyle and maintain overall fitness. However it can be difficult to make a start and to inspire your kids to follow your lead, so we have compiled a list of ten tips to help you along the road to health and happiness.

1) Involve the Whole Family – Sometimes kids can be reluctant to take part in sports and games, especially if they think that they are being ‘forced’ to do them against their will. Children take their lead from their parents so if they see their parents taking part in sports and fitness then they are more than likely to want to copy. Ensuring that the whole family stay fit and healthy can provide the right motivation for the less reluctant child to get involved. Embracing a healthier lifestyle yourself can help teach a child that they need to do the same.

It doesn’t have to be all about playing ‘football’. For instance a family outing to the zoo, theme park or local attraction such as a ruined castle will keep kids on their feet, give them something interesting to see and do whilst keeping them fit at the same time. Making an effort to have days out where the whole family joins in can lead to a child having an overall healthier lifestyle.

2) Use ‘Active’ Transport – Ditching the car when possible and either walking or cycling instead can help keep the whole family fit and healthy. Perhaps this means walking to school instead of taking the car or maybe a trip to the local park or shops can be accomplished by cycling there instead.

Although it may not be possible for everyone to ditch the car so easily due to distance or time constraints the occasional journey can still perhaps be substituted. Not only is walking or cycling better for your health, it can save you money and help the environment- all great examples to set your kids!

3) Regular Exercise – The key to staying fit and healthy for both adults and children alike is to exercise regularly. Try to schedule exercise activities (whatever they might be) at regular intervals but do let your kids set the pace. As soon as a child feels they are being forced to take part in a ‘fitness’ regime then you may start to get some resistance and refusal to join in.

Pushing your kids beyond their limits may have a negative impact on them wanting to …

health, medicine

The Dangers Of Omeprazole Medication

Omeprazole medication is a drug used to treat ulcers (including stomach ulcers) and symptoms of GERD. Omeprazole medication is the generic name for the brand Prilosec and Prilosec OTC. Omeprazole medication is in the proton pump inhibitor class of drugs which blocks production of stomach acid to reduce symptoms of acid reflux.

Omeprazole medication is doctor prescribed and picked up by you at your pharmacy. Multum is the company that generates the medication guide for doctors and health care facilities that provide omeprazole medication. Unfortunately treatment even with the correct dose of this medicine can result in a wide range of side effects that range from the mildly unpleasant to the embarrassing and down right deadly.

Omeprazole medication side effects include:

· Constipation
· Diarrhea
· Sensitivity to light
· Loss of taste
· Swelling of the hands, feet, legs and more
· Mouth inflammation
· Gastrointestinal infection
· Nausea
· Headaches
· Muscle weakness
· Muscle aches, pain or tenderness
· Vomiting
· Stomach and abdominal pain
· Dizziness
· Fainting
· Feeling light headed
· Itching
· Rashes
· General feeling of being ill
· Dermatitis and skin problems
· Insomnia
· Aggressiveness
· Agitation
· Hair loss
· Blurred vision
· Drowsiness
· Urticaria
· Vertigo
· Aangioedema
· Anaphylactic shock
· Bronchospasm
· Fever
· Kidney problems
· Male breast enlargement
· Joint pain
· Depression
· Dry mouth
· Hallucination
· Impotence or other sexual side effects
· Profuse sweating
· Arthritis
· Blood and bone marrow issues
· Jaundice
· Stevens-Johnson syndrome
· Toxic reactions
· Confusion
· Problems with metabolism
· Liver problems
· Hypersensitivity

Now compare the side effects of omeprazole medication with the symptoms that it is meant to prevent and control:

· Sore throat
· Regurgitation
· Hoarseness
· Heartburn
· Chest pain

Clearly the side effects of omeprazole medication can be much worse and far more dangerous than the symptoms they are meant to treat. Now that doesn’t mean that you should avoid any treatment all together. As over time reflux of stomach acid can result in erosion of the esophagus and other health problems.

Fortunately there are many ways to naturally combat and prevent symptoms of GERD and to reduce the amount of acid in the stomach without omeprazole medication. Your plan for natural treamtent of acid reflux and GERD symptoms without omeprazole medication should include the following:

1. Eliminating bad habits that increase acidity.
2. Changing diet by reducing acidic foods and increasing the ratio of alkaline foods.
3. Getting regular exercise
4. Watching activities after meals
5. Taking natural remedies and home cures to balance ph levels

1. Bad Habits
Whether or not you are following a natural plan for treatment or are going to risk the dangers of omeprazole medication you should begin be eliminating bad habits such as smoking and drinking alcohol which create acidity in the body.

2. Diet
Again omeprazole medication is not a magical cure and while it may help some …