California Health Insurance Plans by Blue Shield – Understanding HMOs, PPOs, and HSAs

 California health insurance plans by Blue Shield offer different options in health care coverage for you and your family. The company offers both HMO and PPO plans. There are plans where health savings accounts work well. The best way to see if a plan will work for you is to look at each one and decide.

HMO California health insurance plans by Blue Shield offer advantages. HMO stands for health management organization. If you want a plan that has predictable costs, an HMO is a good plan for you. These plans cover just about every type of medical coverage you need from preventative to catastrophic. You have fixed co-pay that comes out of pocket when you visit your primary physician or a specialist. Genetic drugs are also a low price with one of these plans. You have a primary care physician who monitors and manages your health care utilization. You have a couple of plan options with an HMO through Blue Shield. One is the Access+ Value HMO and the other is the Access+ HMO package. The biggest difference is in co-pays and deductibles.

PPO California health insurance plans by Blue Shield brings other advantages. Unlike an HMO, you do not need a referral to see a specialist with a PPO plan. You can see physicians inside or outside the network. You will get better coverage with in-network providers, but there are no restrictions. Blue Shield offers a number of plans in this framework. You might consider the Vital Shield plan. It is a lower-cost plan that offers some preventative care and genetic drug coverage. For something a bit more comprehensive, you can move up to the Shield Spectrum PPO plans. These plans provide a higher deductible, but offers doctor visits with co-pay and full preventative checkups before deductible. It also comes with prescription coverage. Once you meet the annual deductible, there is comprehensive coverage on most health care needs.

Some of the PPO California health insurance plans by Blue Shield are compatible with health savings accounts. There is an out-of-pocket maximum on these plans. That is the highest amount you can pay in a given year. Preventative care is included with these plans. You have a higher deductible, but you can cover them with money in your HSA. These plans also offer prescription coverage as well as coverage for most other health care events. Those are just some of the features of these plans.…


Malpractice Lawyer Faq

MoreMalpractice Lawyerquestions please visit :

Dental Malpractice Lawyer?
Dental Malpractice Lawyer? Hi, I’m looking for a dental malpractice lawyer who only charges if the shield wins. I’m in the Boston nouns. Preferably one with a good history. Any suggestions? “I’d contact my local dowel or state bar association and ask for a referral to a personal injury attorney who also does work in medical malpractice….

Dental Malpractice Lawyer?
Hi, I’m looking for a dental malpractice lawyer who only charges if the luggage wins. I’m in the Boston nouns. Preferably one with a good history. Any suggestions? Talk near a medical malpractice attorney. He/she should be able to handle the thing. Attorneys are making a bet that they’ll win the case if they take it on a…

Dental malpractice legal representative?
i need to find a dental malpractce lawyer contained by the inland empire, in southern california that won’t charge unless they win Most malpractice attorneys don’t charge unless they win the case. Call your state slab association and they will be able to give you attorney information specific to your suitcase. Good luck.

Do anyone know any Lawyers that would manipulate a Medical Malpractice Case that’s over it’s Statue Of Limitation?
I had my son back surrounded by 2003 at DeKalb Medical and delivered him through an Emergency C-Section, My son was born Premature and wasn’t breathing on his own also he have swallowed alot of my Bowel Movement and had several tubes going…

Do lawyer achieve sued for malpractice?
Attorney is derived from a french word, that means “to break away ones rights”! The American Bar Association is in a unique position, they delight in an illagal monopoly. Anyone can represent themselves in our courts, however, the judges, who enjoy usurped authority they were not granted, will not allow it in most cases. If…

Do lawyer that specialize surrounded by a allowed malpractice work on a contingency cause?
If Yes, how do you find them? although Jay makes some great points about this process and covers it pretty powerfully beware….. almost all attorneys who work on a contingency basis due so for their “fee” solely and regardless of win or lose you are still charged…

Do you muse I enjoy a medical malpractice armour and if so you know a suitable malpractice legal representative?
In May I got an abscess in my throat and I go to warmc a local hospital. When I got there they did 2 cat-scans and give me ibuprofen and an IV solution. When the results came back they told me nearby…

Do you surmise malpractice lawyer are destroying the healthcare system contained by the U.S?
I have a very strong inference about this, but I’ll withhold it as I want to know yours. Do you feel that medical malpractice lawsuits surrounded by the US are mostly legit or bogus? Do you feel that people contained by the medical community are pointing blame…

Does any other country compare to the USA surrounded by


Medication in Dentistry

Co-Editor-in-Chief, Judy J. Johnson, DDS
Wednesday, June 17, 2009 – 07:01 PM
Periodontic Dentists:

Medication in Dentistry
In periodontics, there are four reasons to seek medication. Those are infection, swelling, pain and sedation. Although some patients may experience pain, swelling and infection as a result of an acute periodontal problem like advanced periodontal disease, periodontic patients usually do not need medication until they are faced with surgery. Then, medication is introduced prior to the operation, usually the morning before the procedure and is continued for up to two weeks after.

Conscious Sedation in Dentistry

During the surgery, dentists use medication to not only ease the pain of the procedure, but also to reduce patient anxiety. With conscious sedation, you remain comfortable and pain-free.  It is also referred to as anxiety-free dentistry, relaxation dentistry or comfortable dentistry.  This is because most patients have feelings of anxiety during even a routine trip to the dentist’s office.

There are a number of sedation drugs, which can be taken by mouth.  They have been developed specifically for the purpose of conscious sedation in dentistry.  Sleep dentistry is a common term, which used to be used to describe a visit to the dentist office.  The interesting thing is that though it was referred to as sleep dentistry, the patient never actually went to sleep during the visit.  Sleep dentistry should really be applied to dentistry which uses the aid of general anesthesia.  

The dentist will determine which medication is best used during sedation.

This is probably the most well recognized drug used today.  Everyone has heard of valium.  It’s been around and implemented since the 1960s.  It is a well-known sedative.  It is extremely useful during appointments where the most extensive dentistry is being performed.

This is also the most well-known treatment for insomnia.  It is a highly effective drug, which can be used in conjunction with an antihistamine.  It is similar to valium and is a popular choice for many different dentists.  Halcion is typically used for shorter appointments.

Again, similar to valium, it is also used in the treatment of insomnia.  The patient is not in an extended sleep during throughout oral sedation, but is rather relaxed and comfortable throughout the procedure.

This is a very commonly prescribed drug for anxiety.  It is very useful in appointments, which are longer than two hours.

This drug is classified as an antihistamine.  It has anti-anxiety effects and works in conjunction with many benzodiazepines.  It has no amnesic properties.

Has the shortest half-life of any available drugs.  It is ideal for short appointments and simple procedures.  It has many anti-anxiety properties as well as amnesic properties.

General Medication Information
Medications are typically used to control pain and anxiety in dentistry.  The patient is very rarely out completely during a dental procedure, even if he or she cannot accurately remember the procedure upon waking up.

Anti-inflammatory medications are used to relieve discomfort and redness of the mouth and gums.  They …


Dental Care For the Poor

We all know that dentists are highly specialized doctors who deal with all kinds of dental issues; however, his expertise does not limit to only teeth but may also cure other issues related to the mouth such as sore mouth, swollen gums etc.

It is widely believed that visiting a dentist more often for a routine check up is always better than visiting him for any dental issue. Though the fees charged by dentists are high there are some dental care services that may charge you nominal fee and help in getting treated at a low cost.

For those people who find it difficult to pay for their dental checkups, there are dental care organizations where cheap or free of cost dental checkups are done.. Even universities have offers for the poor to take care of their dental issues at a low price or for free. Often projects and camps are conducted by students who are doing the studies of dentistry to offer free or reasonable aid to people suffering from dental problems but can not afford dental care.

You may also come across numerous plans and communities established only for the welfare of poor who are not able to afford dental checkup. There are several NGOs and governmental organizations that can help in curing your dental problems for free or at a nominal cost. There are thousands of recognized dentist who participate in such charity based dental checkup events.

Those people who cannot afford regular dental checkup due to unfavorable financial conditions, it is suggested to opt for dental discount plans. Such plans may be available with most of the dentists. You may receive your membership card which you need to show to your dentist whenever you visit him.

Finding a proper dentist who offers cheap dental care service in your locality, may not be that tough. You may seek advice from your friends and relatives about cheap dental care programs. You may even check in business directories for reasonable or free dental checkup.

There are fair chances that you may find details of some good and reasonable dentist. A search on the internet for low cost dentist or free dental care can help you find affordable dental care service in your vicinity.…


Autism Social Stories – Going to the Dentist

For most of us a visit to the dentist is a scary thought, with a large number of the population actually experiencing an un-rational fear of the drill noise, smells and even the dentist himself!

This fear of going to the dentist is picked up on by our children and the never ending cycle of dreading the 6 monthly check-up takes root.

However with autism, this fear and dread are not always picked up, autistic children and adults, don’t have the ability to “mind read” or read other peoples body language.

So what are the difficulties with a dental visit for your autistic child?

Well for a start there is the first hurdle, why do I need to see a dentist? This man or woman wearing a white coat, who expects them to lay in a chair with a bright light shining in their face, while they look into their mouth using strange equipment.

Although you yourself understand why it is important to have a regular check-up and keep your teeth and gums healthy. Your autistic child may not understand what healthy hygiene habits are, and indeed the importance of having healthy teeth and gums.

So what do you need to be aware of once you have actually got your autistic child into the dentist…

Autistic children are very sensitive, and your mouth is one of the most sensitive areas on your body, so this it-self may cause an anxiety trigger for your autistic child.

The feel of the cold instrument entering their mouth, the drill sensation, the water spraying, the taste of the mouth wash or paste, all these things could be anxiety triggers..

The feel of the dentist chair, the rubber gloves the dentist will wear, the bright light above their face, even the goggles they may be asked to wear are these colored, if so this could also be an anxiety trigger.

The perfume or aftershave, deodorant the nurse or dentist is wearing, the smell in the dentist room, even reception area, the lady opposite you waiting maybe she has perfume on that will trigger an anxiety attack along with these factors comes the uncertainty of why they are even there, why they need to let this dentist look in their mouth.

All these things need consideration before you even step foot into the dentist…One tool you can use to help explain why we need to visit the dentist and some of the things that will happen while they are there is something many parents have found helpful; “autism social stories”.

These small carefully written social skill stories will give your autistic child clear instructions and explanations as to what is happening, why it is happening, and what they can expect from others at the time, and what others will be expecting of them.

Armed with a good social skills story you can help your autistic child better cope with visiting the dentist as well as many other activities and events they will come across in their …

health, medicine

The Transition of Naturopathic Medicine Into Mainstream Medicine

As the world of naturopathic medicine continues to grow, so does its usage among ailing Americans. According to a study done by the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine, as of December of 2008, about 38 percent of American reporting using some type of alternative medicine in the past twelve months. Why are people turning to naturopathic medicine as a means to get healthy and feel better? Here are a few possible explanations.

1. There are many people have not had previous success treating their ailments with a Western medicine doctor, also known as an allopathic doctor.

The many people who suffer from ailments like insomnia, allergies, chronic pain, and migraines sometimes find that allopathic doctors only mask the pain the experience with these problems. Prescription medications may only dull the pain, and a sufferer will find that although the pain may subside for a while, it will inevitably return. Naturopathic doctors want to help their patients by seeking the overall root of the problem, and look to promote overall health and well-being with the use of several remedies, including nutritional and herbal supplements, dietary and lifestyle changes, homeopathic remedies, and more. Naturopathic medicine believes in utilizing the entire body, as a whole, to treat an illness.

2. There is a growing concern for human health in regards to artificial substances that allopathic medicine uses in attempts to cure a patient.

With the extra chemicals and hormones that are being added to food, in conjunction with artificial substances found in prescription drugs, there are health studies that suggest this combination of substances in the human body can lead to negative health effects. Naturopathic doctors and naturopathic medicine use the entire body as the main source of healing instead of synthetic components. Many people who have already attempted to utilize allopathic medicine as a way to feel healthier want to utilize all of their options and seek naturopathic medicine as a way to improve health.

Where should a person go to seek naturopathic medicine treatment?

There are only seven schools that are accredited and recognized by the Association of Accredited Naturopathic Medical Colleges, Council on Naturopathic Medical Education and North American Board of Naturopathic Examiners. Of the seven colleges of naturopathic medicine, the Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine, located in Tempe, AZ, is renowned for its clinical training and advancement of naturopathic medicine. Recently, the Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine purchased a 42,000 square foot building adjacent to the naturopathic college. This building will house a new naturopathic medicine clinic, which used to be located in Scottsdale. The campus and clinic will be unified within the next 16 months as they work to put the two next to each other. There will be a laboratory and a pharmacy within the clinic, and the students will continue to work with the Biodesign Institute at Arizona State University to study a plant that could stop smallpox if the virus was used as a bioterrorist threat. Students will no longer have to travel …


Affordable Dentist San Diego & Tijuana

With the increase in the prices of dental treatments, it has really become difficult to afford a dentist. Mexico is the place where you can end your search for an affordable dentist San Diego, Phoenix, Los Angeles, and Yuma are some of the main U.S. cities that are within a convenient driving distance from major Mexican border dental tourism destinations. These dental destinations have a number of dental clinics with advanced technology and experienced doctors.

Overcome your budget constraint

If you have been postponing your dental treatment due to budget constraints, you now have an alternative.  Mexico is the best country where you will be able to get an affordable dentist. San Diego or other parts of California, regardless of your location, your travel to Mexico to see a dentist will be a worthwhile endeavor.  The prices of various types of dentistry in Mexico are much cheaper than U.S. and Canadian prices. These clinics save you from financial worries and provide high quality treatment at affordable prices.

Affordable dentist for San Diego residents

It is hard to find an affordable dentist in San Diego.  However, San Diego residents have the big advantage due to their proximity to dentists Tijuana.  Tijuana has one of the highest concentrations of high quality and affordable dentist. San Diego residents simply just have to drive 20 minutes to the border, park on the U.S. side, and take a short taxicab ride to their dentist in Mexico.

Mexican dentistry

The border cities of Mexico such as Tijuana, Juarez, Los Algodones, and Rocky Point have plenty of affordable dental care clinics. As the prices charged by U.S. dentists continue to rise, Americans and Canadians are discovering Mexican clinics that have affordable dentist. San Diego, Yuma, and El Paso are some of the main U.S. cities where Mexican dentistry is very popular. The borders of California, Arizona, and Texas are best known for their affordable Mexican dentistry.

Mexican dentistry for the rest of California

Are you looking for an affordable dentist? San Diego, Los Angeles, or San Francisco – regardless of your location, Mexican dentistry is a viable alternative for full mouth restoration and cosmetic dentistry. From family dentistry, root canal, or smile makeover dentistry – Mexican dentists provide all these procedures at an economical price. Mexican dentists also specialize in sedation dentistry, dental implants, and periodontal treatments.…

health, medicine

To Evaluate the Extent of Side Effects of Anti-tuberculous Therapy (att) on Different Body Systems in Various Age Groups:

Authors:Bhurgri Ghulam Rasool,Momina Taki Muhammad,Shamim-Ur-Rehman,ShahMurad,RajKumar Chohan,DahriGhulam Mustafa, Shaikh zulfikar,



Tuberculosis, one of the oldest diseases known to affect human, is caused by bacteria belonging to mycobacterium tuberculosis complex. The disease usually affects the lungs, although in up to one third of cases other organs are involved. If properly treated, tuberculosis caused by drug susceptible strains is curable in virtually all cases. If untreated, the disease may be fatal within 5 years in more than half of cases. Transmission usually takes place through airborne spread of droplet nuclei produced by patients with infectious pulmonary tuberculosis (Mario C Raviglione, Richard JO Brein, 2003).

Tuberculosis is a disease of great antiquity. Today, tuberculosis gas become the most important communicable disease in the world, with over 8 millions cases of pulmonary tuberculosis occurring each year 95% which are in developing countries (A Gordon Leitch, 2000).

Tuberculosis is chronic granulomatous disease of human and other mammals caused by a group of closely related obligate pathogens, the mycobacterium tuberculosis complex, and comprising M. tuberculosis. The human tubercle bacillus – M. bovis – the bovine tubercle bacillus, -agricanum – a heterogeneous type found principally in effuational Africa with properties intermediate between the former two species and M-microti-a rare cause of disease involves and other small mammals but attenuated for humans. (PDO D awis et al, 2003).

Annual risk of infection




Annual decline

Trend (%)

Health resource






Middle income Latin America

West Asia




Middle income East and South

Eest Asia




Sub-Saharan Africa

Indian Subcontinent




                                                                                                                                (A Gordon Leitch, 2000)

In 1994 World Health Organization (WHO) declared that tuberculosis (TB) constituted a global emergency. It developed a five point strategy known as direct observe treatment strategy (DOTS) in order to combat the increasing incidence of the disease. The main aim was to detect 70% of smear positive tuberculosis (TB) cases and to treat85% of smear positive new cases successfully. This strategy has improved worldwide cure rates. Tuberculosis is an increasingly important cause of morbidity and mortality in refugees and displaced populations, particularly during the post acute phase of complex emergencies (Alison H Rodger et al., 2002).


In Pakistan, only limited data is available, however, the prevalence of tuberculosis is estimated to be as high as 250,000 cases annually. According to official estimates, the rate of open bacillary cases among adult population (15 years and above), was 17% and among children 5 to 9 years of age, 13% were infected with tuberculosis. It is thought to be the fourth major cause of all deaths in Pakistan (Shamim A Qazi et al., 1998).



Cough and generate droplet nuclei which are ingaled by a contact


Onset of CMI response

Bacillimia                                                   Apical Implant

Sterilization of the primary complex

Immunosuppressive event

Multiple of tubercle bacilli

Restoration of CMI

Caseation of necrosis

        Infectous tuberculosis

Figure: Schematic representation of the basic events in the pathogenesis of tuberculosis.

CMI: …

dentist, health

Causes of Tooth Discoloration

Have you brushed and flossed after every meal since you were tall enough to reach the toothpaste, but still find yourself with a yellow smile? Trust me, the likelihood is that it’s not bad genetics causing you to hide and feel self-conscious about your smile.

How Did My Teeth Turn Yellow?

Even those who maintained perfect oral hygiene find themselves dissatisfied with the yellow smile age has forced them to bear. It’s a simple fact that the porcelain-like enamel that protects our teeth withers away over time. Eventually, all that’s left is the yellow dentin that lurks below.

Factors that stain your teeth are:

  • Smoking – Nicotine seeps into and gnaws away at tooth enamel
  • Drinking dark colored beverages, such as coffee, tea, soda pop and red wine stain teeth
  • Grinding and clenching teeth causes miniscule cracks to appear, paving the way for staining agents to infiltrate enamel
  • Aging naturally causes tooth enamel to decay

Kinds Of Stains

The stains that cause tooth discoloration fall into two categories: surface, or extrinsic stains, and intrinsic stains.

Surface stains gather on the surface of your teeth. Frequent exposure to dark beverages, tobacco and sugary foods cause these stains to accumulate.

Intrinsic stains gather inside your teeth and are the result of aging and trauma.

Eliminating Tooth Discoloration

Luckily, advancements in modern dentistry provide countless tooth whitening options to those wishing to brighten their smile.

If you’re looking to just remove surface stains, any tooth whitening procedure will work. However, intrinsic stains are more difficult to remove and require an extensive time commitment. The most common method to remove intrinsic stains is a take home bleaching kit.

The Quickest and Safest Tooth Whitening Technique

One of the most efficient tooth whitening techniques on the market is Zoom! Tooth Whitening. In just forty-five minutes, your teeth will be whitened up to eight shades. Additional benefits to Zoom! Tooth Whitening as opposed to other tooth whitening procedures are:

  • Whitens teeth to a greater degree and in a quicker amount of time
  • Leaves your teeth less sensitive than other tooth whitening procedures
  • Has follow-up gels you can apply to guarantee the best results

Ensuring A Successful Tooth Whitening Procedure

The first step in addressing your tooth discoloration is a consultation with your cosmetic dentist. The goals of this meeting will be to determine if your oral health is satisfactory for having your teeth whitened.

In the twenty-four hour window after having your teeth whitened, it’s essential that you avoid dark colored beverages, acidic and sugary foods and nicotine products. Otherwise you’ll be compromising the success of your procedure.

If you’re considering having your teeth whitened and live in the Valley Village, Studio City, Sherman Oaks, Burbank, or North Hollywood, California areas, please visit the website of Smiles By Sands to learn more.…

dentist, health, medicine

Introduction to Dentistry

Introduction to Dentistry

Dr.Suhail Latoo

Dept. Oral & Maxillofacial Pathology

Govt. Dental College & hospital, Srinagar

Dr.Altaf H Malik

Dept. Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery

Govt. Dental College & hospital, Srinagar

Dr.Ravinder Kumar Bhagat

Dept. Conservative dentistry and Endodontics

Govt. Dental College & hospital, Srinagar

Dr. Khalid Amin

Dept. Conservative dentistry and Endodontics

Govt. Dental College & hospital, Srinagar

Dentistry, which is a part of stomatology, is the branch of medicine that is involved in the evaluation, diagnosis, prevention, and surgical or non-surgical treatment of diseases, disorders and conditions of the oral cavity, maxillofacial area and the adjacent and associated structures and their impact on the human body.[1,2] Dentistry is widely considered necessary for complete overall health. Those who practice dentistry are known as dentists. The dentist’s supporting team aides in providing oral health services, which includes dental assistants, dental hygienists, dental technicians, and dental therapists.

Dental Surgery and Treatments
Dentistry usually encompasses very important practices related to the oral cavity. Oral diseases are major public health problems due to their high incidence and prevalence across the globe with the disadvantaged affected more than other socio-economic groups.[3]

Although modern day dental practice centres around prevention, many treatments or interventions are still needed. The majority of dental treatments are carried out to prevent or treat the two most common oral diseases which are dental caries (tooth decay) and periodontal disease (gum disease or pyorrhea). Common treatments involve the restoration of teeth as a treatment for dental caries (fillings), extraction or surgical removal of teeth which cannot be restored, scaling of teeth to treat periodontal problems and endodontic root canal treatment to treat abscessed teeth.

All dentists train for around 4 or 5 years at University and qualify as a ‘dental surgeon’. By nature of their general training they can carry out the majority of dental treatments such as restorative (fillings, crowns, bridges), prosthetic (dentures), endodontic (root canal) therapy,periodontal (gum) therapy, and exodontia (extraction of teeth), as well as performing examinations, radiographs (x-rays) and diagnosis. Dentists can also prescribe certain medications such as antibiotics, fluorides, and sedatives but they are not able to prescribe the full range that physicians can.

Dentists need to take additional qualifications or training to carry out more complex treatments such as sedation, oral and maxillofacial surgery, and implants. Whilst the majority of oral diseases are unique and self limiting, some can indicate poor general health,tumours,blood dyscrasias and abnormalities including genetic problems.

Dentists also encourage prevention of dental caries through proper hygiene (tooth brushing and flossing), fluoride, and tooth polishing. Dental sealants are plastic materials applied to one or more teeth, for the intended purpose of preventing dental caries (cavities) or other forms of tooth decay. Recognized but less conventional preventive agents include xylitol, which is bacteriostatic,[4] casein derivatives,[5] and proprietary products such as Cavistat BasicMints.[6]

Education and licensing
The first dental school, Baltimore College of Dental Surgery, opened in Baltimore, Maryland, USA in 1840. Philadelphia Dental College was founded in 1863 and is the second in …