Horse racing is considered as one of the exciting sports over centuries. Today, it is also one of the major international industries. This sport is closely associated with gambling and is found in almost every nation. This sport is originated in the United States. Historically, it provided entertainment to the crowds and helped the riders to improve their riding skills. Over the centuries, this led to a systematic development of professional and specialized breeds. This sport has become a major part of gambling ruling the international market.
There are three types of horse racing. They are flat racing, steeple chasing and harness racing. Steeple chasing is a form where the horse is supposed to win the race by jumping several ditches and fences. In harness racing, they pull two-wheeled carts which are called sulkies. However, the style, the type of event and the distance of racing varies from country to country. Betting on these races is legal in America depending on the rules and regulations of each state. There would be a gambling station in the stadium where the gamblers can bet on their choice of horse.
Apart from United States and North America, horse racing is prevalent in countries like Australia, Mauritius, New Zealand, Canada, France, South Africa, Malaysia, Singapore etc. The horses are well trained for racing. Training of the horse depends on the distance and type of the race. The performance of a horse mainly depends on its age, training, breed and physical fitness. Preferably, the horse must be at least four years old to take part in the race as the young horses have tendency to suffer from multiple fractures due to their immature skeletal system. The popularity of horse racing through millennia helped to preserve these riding skills that otherwise would have disappeared with the changing trends of world.